Transport infrastructure is crucial for regional development and a key factor for competitiveness. It is no coincidence that the budget for road repairs and maintenance, both at the national and municipal levels, is one of the biggest costs for administrations. The value of the direct transport costs for the supply of goods and services also depends on the level of development of the road infrastructure and on the parameters for ensuring safe and fast movement of people and goods. This section discusses the state of the transport infrastructure in the municipality of Borovo, as the issue is directly related to the safety of road traffic in this area.
The traffic generated by cars and trucks in the municipality of Borovo has the largest relative share among the registered vehicles. The trend of increasing traffic in these vehicles is provided by the intensified construction of road infrastructure in the period 2007-2013 through EU funding and implementing transport policy to ensure connectivity and accessibility of regions within the EU on major transport corridors of the TEN-T network . The accessibility and connectivity of the Municipality of Borovo is ensured through the road transport network, railway transport and the Danube River. Traffic data are changing to strengthen the role and relative weight of cars and trucks, namely the ability to provide connectivity through the newly built sections of road sections and junctions in the country during the programming period 2007 – 2013. Some of these transport links and junctions are on the territory of the North Central Planning Region – ferry connections, railway nodes, bridges and others. This justifies the role and place of road transport as important for the municipality of Borovo. The place and role of road, inland waterway and rail transport in the new EU transport policy as a priority in the case of Borovo Municipality will be a new catalyst for economic development in combination with the completion of the TEN-T road network in the country, which will allow the development of modal transport by ferry connections. The data show that there is untapped potential in this regard at the expense of depleting the capacity of the road network of class III in the municipality.
One of the key advantages of Borovo municipality is the availability of well-developed transport infrastructure. The first-class road I-5 (Ruse – Veliko Tarnovo – Podkova) passes through the territory of the municipality, which is part of the European transport corridor №9. It allows for fast transportation of passengers and goods to the regional center-town. Ruse, to Pleven and Veliko Tarnovo and to many other destinations. Borovo Railway Station is located in the city center, and the railway station. the line divides it into two relatively equal parts. Over 15 passenger, fast and international trains in the directions of Ruse and Gorna Oryahovitsa pass through it 24 hours a day. The line is also used by trains to and from Bucharest, and many other high-speed and passenger trains pass through it. This makes it relatively busy and although it is well signaled and secured, the four points of its passage are a serious factor in road accidents with serious damage and consequences.
The town of Borovo is characterized as a tertiary node, according to the interpretations in the application guidelines for the third call for project proposals under the Romania-Bulgaria Cross-Border Cooperation Program, as it is an urban area offering the city and municipality a good working environment, public services, incl. education, healthcare, social services, banking services, as well as a city located in close proximity to the European TEN-T network. The city combines two types of transport – road and rail, which makes it a multimodal hub. The railway line, in turn, leads to the port city of Ruse, located on the European transport corridor №7 and providing river transport along the Danube, connection with the Black Sea, North Sea and Western Europe.